Glycine max, commonly known as soybean in North America or soya bean in British English, is a species of legume native to East Asia, widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses.
Soybeans were a crucial crop in East Asia long before written records began. There is evidence for soybean domestication between 7000 and 6600 BCE in China, between 5000 and 3000 BCE in Japan and 1000 BCE in Korea.
Soybeans are considered by many agencies to be a source of complete protein. A complete protein is one that contains significant amounts of all the essential amino acids.
Soybeans contain all eight essential amino acids. Soyabeans are processed into various products such as soy flour, soy milk, tofu and fermented products like tempeh and miso. Soybeans contain many health benefits. Packed with protein, healthy fats and carbohydrates, this legume is great energy source for the body.
Benefits of soybeans include:
- Helps to prevent cardiovascular diseases
- Helps to prevent cancer
- Supports bone health
- Helps to control appetite
- Helps to prevent type 2 diabetes
- Decreases the risk of osteoporosis
Soy protein products can be good substitutes for animal products because, unlike some other beans, soy offers a 'complete' protein profile. ... Soy protein products can replace animal-based foods—which also have complete proteins but tend to contain more fat, especially saturated fat—without requiring major adjustments elsewhere in the diet.
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